The Authors

K.N.A. Alexander BSc, PhD, FRES. Freelance ecological consultant specialising in terrestrial invertebrates. Has a special interest in the fauna of south-west Britain.

A.D. Barber MSc, MIBiol. National Scheme for Centipedes Recorder. Author of the AIDGAP Key to the identification of British Centipedes and Linnean Society Synopsis 58: Centipedes, joint author of the Provisional Atlas for Centipedes.

I.J. Bennallick. Native Cornishman. BSBI Recorder for East Cornwall (VC2), Botanical Cornwall Group Coordinator. Formerly Recorder Support Officer for ERCCIS. Currently freelance botanical surveyor and leader of Natural History holidays with Greentours and Wildlife Travel.

R. Dennis. A lifelong interest in natural history, particularly marine life since becoming a scuba diver in 1960. At present Conservation Officer of Penzance Branch BSAC and Recorder of Marine Sightings Database made available to all interested parties.

C.N. French BSc, PhD. Bard of the Cornish Gorsedd, BSBI Recorder for West Cornwall (VC1), computerised the Cornish Biological Records Unit data and developed what has now become the ERICA for Windows database. Co-author of the Flora of Cornwall (1999) and freelance ecological consultant.

P.A. Gainey BSc, PhD (Biochem.). A Cornishman who has studied the natural history of Cornwall for over 40 years, first the marine environment, then Cornish botany and a 12 year project to see and photograph the entire flora of the British Isles. More recent interests have centred on fungi, lichens and invertebrates especially coleoptera, hemiptera and hymenoptera. A teacher at Truro School and leader of many natural history courses for the University of Exeter Extramural Dept. and the Workers Education Association.

E.C.M. Haes BSc, FRES. National recorder for British Orthopteroid insects 1979-1995. Before moving to Cornwall, wrote a Natural History of Sussex and, with J. Marshall, the standard reference for orthopteroid insects of Britain and Ireland, Harley Books. Subsequently, has produced accounts of the orthopteroid insects of Cornwall and completed several entomological surveys. An enthusiastic amateur entomologist, botanist and gardener for nearly half a century.

J. Hobart. Former head of the Department of Applied Zoology, then of the School of Animal Biology, then Dean of the Faculty of Science at University College of North Wales, University of Wales. On retiring moved to Cornwall, dividing time between painting and the study of thrips.

D.T. Holyoak BSc (Hons), PhD. Has maintained an active interest in natural history since school days, especially in botany and ornithology; held research posts at Reading and Nottingham Universities and worked as senior lecturer in Cheltenham before moving to Cornwall in 1993. Work on a new Bryophyte Flora of Cornwall was begun in 1993 and is now almost completed. Currently Vice-President of British Bryological Society and Bryophyte Recorder for Cornwall.

G.A. Holyoak BSc (Hons). Began recording land and freshwater Mollusca in Cornwall in 1996 and coauthored the published Land and freshwater Molluscs of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly.

E. Jackson. County Recorder for Plant Galls and Regional Co-ordinator for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly for the British Plant Gall Society.

M. Lee. A lifelong interest in natural history, with particular reference to the Orthoptera. National Recorder for the naturalised New Zealand phasmids.

G.D. Lewis. Manager of ERCCIS since June 2007 with a broad interest in natural history, specialising in birds after research worldwide during 31 years as a Logistics Officer in the Royal Navy. Since leaving the Service, he has broadened his specialisms to include dragonflies, butterflies and moths. He has edited Sea Swallow, the internationally respected journal of the Royal Naval Birdwatching Society, since 1997.

D. Lord BA (Hons), CEnv., MIEEM. Professionally involved in nature conservation for over 28 years. Has carried out mammal survey work for the National Trust, the Otter Trust and the British Deer Society and has recently become a licensed bat worker.

J.E. Loveridge. Cornwall Wildlife Trust Marine Strandings Network Co-ordinator, working in partnership with the Institute of Zoology and the Natural History Museum, contributing data recorded by the Network’s volunteers to the UK Cetacean Strandings Programme. Analyses strandings data and represents the Network at the annual European Cetacean Society conference. Also works for a small company that produces cetacean monitoring devices.

S.C. Madge. Native Cornishman, president of the Cornwall Bird Watching and Preservation Society, editor of the Caradon Field & Natural History Club Annual Reports 1984-94, author of Birdwatching (1980), Wildfowl (1988), Crows & Jays (1994), co-author of Birds of Australia, a photographic guide (1995) and Butterflies in South East Cornwall (1991), Pocket Guide to the Birds of North-west Europe (1998), Handbook of Bird Identification (1998), Pheasants, Partridges and Grouse (2002), also significant contributor to Vols 11-14 of Handbook of the Birds of the World (2002-2009).

C.J. Neil BSc (Hons), CEnv., MIEEM. A professional ecologist and a specialist in the coastal environment.

M. Nicholson BSc, MPhil. Has researched on amphibian projects for the Nature Conservancy Council, County Recorder for reptiles and amphibians. Cornwall Wildlife Trust Council Member.

R.E. Parslow, MIEEM. Formerly worked for the Nature Conservancy Council/English Nature before becoming Conservation Director of the Cambridgeshire Wildlife Trust (later Cambs, Beds, Northants & P’borough). A lifelong fascination with the Isles of Scilly over 20 years as BSBI Recorder for the islands was the inspiration for the New Naturalist Volume 103 The Isles of Scilly published in 2007. Maintains the vascular plant information for the Isles of Scilly on the BSBI MapMate database.

K.G. Preston-Mafham. A professional wildlife photographer and author covering a wide range of floral and faunal groups.

T. Renals BSc, MRPPA. National Invasive Species Adviser, Environment Agency (EA) and Ecological Appraisal Team Leader, EA (Devon & Cornwall); ecologist and amateur archaeologist. Native Cornishman.

P. Saunders. Ecological consultant. Particular interest in Hymenoptera, County recorder of Bumblebees, wildlife gardener for the Monkey Sanctuary Trust and Caradon Field Group Recorder.

D.A. Sheppard BSc, PhD. Invertebrate ecologist with the Nature Conservancy Council, English Nature and Natural England since 1979. Founded and co-ordinated the Sawfly Study Group 1987-2005.

P. Smithers. An entomologist at the University of Plymouth, Devon county recorder for Arachnids, chairman of the Peninsula Invertebrate Forum, member of the British Arachnological Society and regional Hon. Sec. of the Royal Entomological Society.

A. Spalding MA, PhD, FRES, FLS. A professional ecologist specialising in British Lepidoptera and the editor of the first edition of this book.

P.E. Tompsett PhD, CBiol, MIBiol. Member Marine Biological Association, CISFBR and formerly NFBR council. Organiser and field biologist of HVMCA Group 1987-2008. Special study marine worms in estuarine sediments: Fal & Helford intertidal monitoring and life-long interest in natural history.

L.A.C. Truscott. Editor of the Caradon Field & Natural History Club Annual Reports since 1995. Hoverfly Recorder for that Club since 1993 and their Moth Recorder since 2005. Acting Moth Recorder for VC2 since 2006. In addition to Lepidoptera and Syrphidae, also interested in Dragonflies and Birds.

S.M. Turk MBE, MSc (Hon. Causa) Exon. Former marine recorder and past president of the Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland; Honorary Academic Director C.B.R.U. 1980-1993; author of Seashore Life in Cornwall, Collecting Shells and many scientific papers.

C. A. Williams PhD, CBiol, MIBiol. Is currently the ‘Bats and the Built Environment Project Officer’ for the Bat Conservation Trust. Prior to taking up this post in January 2007 Carol worked for English Nature (now Natural England) from whom she is on secondment. She has been a member of and treasurer for the Cornwall Bat Group for over 15 years and is also a member of the Isles of Scilly Bat Group. Her doctorate was on the winter ecology of the Lesser Horseshoe Bat.

J. Worth. Developed an interest in natural history whilst helping to empty the moth trap at Treborth Botanic Gardens, UCNW, Bangor in the early 1990s. On returning home to Cornwall became a volunteer with the Cornwall Biological Records Unit and subsequently Butterfly Recorder for Cornwall.