Paludinella littorina

Habitat & Distribution

This species lives in interstitial, rock and crevice habitats on the upper shore. It has a south-western distribution in the British Isles and its small size and cryptic habitat results in it being rarely recorded living. At present (2008), living specimens are recorded from north and south Devon, Dorset, Pembrokeshire, the Isle of Wight and Cornwall. Until recently (1998) it was only known in Cornwall from dead shells from Sennen Cove, the Lizard Peninsula and at Porthcurno. In 1998/1999 live specimens were recorded from Poldhu Cove and several other sites on the west coast of the Lizard Peninsula and at Sennen Cove. Fresh shells were also found at Pont Pill in the Fowey estuary. Six sites were also found on the Isles of Scilly (St. Mary' s, St. Agnes, Gugh and Tresco). These finds suggest that the Isles of Scilly may be a stronghold for this species in southern Britain. It is currently (2008) known from at least 40 sites in Britain (Killeen & Light, 2002) and was recently removed from Schedule 5 of the Wildlife & Countryside Act. Living specimens have been found at a total of 31 sites around the Cornish coastline and the Isles of Scilly.

Threats

As a member of the crevice fauna, there is probably no threat, but in saltmarsh sites it is much more vulnerable.