Habitat & Distribution
This species is found living over sandy or muddy bottoms where algae coat the surface and in Eelgrass Zostera spp. at depths of 20m and below and was once considered to be an extremely rare wanderer into northern European seas. In recent years it has become very much more common, especially so, in Cornish waters where large specimens are often taken by sea-anglers. The occurrence of populations containing young specimens suggests that this species may be breeding in the south-west of England. Elsewhere it extends southwards along the Atlantic coasts of France, Spain and Portugal, into the Mediterranean and down the west coast of Africa to Gabon. In the western Atlantic it is known as the Red Porgy and is found from New York to Argentina.