Range & Status
Widespread but very localised in Britain, absent from East Midlands and East Anglia.
Discovered at Ethy Woods in 1983.
Habitat & Ecology
Breeds in decaying timber in ancient broadleaved woodland or pasture-woodland, most often in shady acidic woodlands with Bracken Pteridium aquilinum understorey.
Conversion of ancient oakwoods to plantation forestry and removal of deadwood.
Ethy Woods are owned by The National Trust.