Gentianella anglica

Range & Status

Endemic. ( Gentianella anglica subsp. cornubiensis Pritchard). An annual, mostly on chalk areas of southern Britain, but also on a few dune systems elsewhere.

Regional Distribution

It grows at Penhale Sands (SW75), near Porthtowan (SW64), and Black Cliff in the Hayle Towans (SW53).

Habitat & Ecology

Early Gentian grows in very short, fixed dune-grassland, often along tracks, and coastal maritime grassland. Populations fluctuate markedly year by year.


Lack of grazing, whether by rabbits or farm animals.


Part of the Cornish population is protected by the MOD at Penhale Sands, which is a SAC. Early Gentian also carries the following statuses: WCA: Sch8, Berne: A1, HabDir: Annex 2/4/5.