Range & Status
Palearctic; in Britain at least 2000 pairs; declining.
Cornwall: scarce resident in wooded valleys in the east and south of Cornwall, rarely reported west of Helston. There has been a significant decrease in sightings since about 1970. In recent years reported most frequently in the Cotehele area of the Tamar Valley, Trelissick and Carnanton near Truro and the vicinity of Lanhydrock. Family parties at St. Germans (1992) and Nanstallon (1993) are the only cases of proven breeding since 1980. Isles of Scilly: absent.
Habitat & Ecology
Favours ancient woodland, parkland and orchards. In winter joins roving mixed species bird parties.
Loss of Oak Quercus spp. woodland; destruction of suitable dead trees for nesting.
Careful woodland management. This elusive bird is most easily located in early spring, when territorial birds ' sing' from high in tree tops. Listed (long list) as a globally threatened/declining species (BSGR, 1995).