Chamaemelum nobile

Range & Status

Native; Suboceanic Southern-temperate species. Almost entirely found south of a line from Pembrokeshire to London, plus south-west Ireland and the Channel Islands.

Regional Distribution

Although Chamomile has declined over much of Britain it is still frequent in the Isles of Scilly and Cornwall. In Cornwall the greatest concentrations are on the Lizard (SW61, SW71 and SW72) and the Bodmin Moor area (SX17), north of St. Austell (SX05) and West Penwith (SW32). It is also a feature of some coastal maritime grasslands off the granite. In the Isles of Scilly it occurs on all the inhabited islands and on Samson (SV81).

Habitat & Ecology

In short grass particularly on the granite uplands, coastal grasslands, grassy road verges, damp pasture fields, airfields, and sometimes in playing fields, including cricket pitches in Scilly. It is often associated with seasonally-damp tracks and compacted soils, and does best where competition is reduced. It can be locally very abundant.

Threats

Perhaps the greatest threats are from changes in grazing regimes, such as by the deintensification of Bodmin Moor, and the re-seeding of grasslands.

Conservation

Many sites are within SSSI, however, some of the best sites are unprotected.