Cepola macrophthalma

Habitat & Distribution

Syn. Cepola rubescens Linnaeus. This species lives in vertical burrows in stiff mud at depths of 15-200m. It is also occasionally found swimming in mid-water and caught by anglers. It is restricted mainly to the south-western coasts of England and Wales but it is found along the western sea-board of Europe to north-west Scotland. Very few populations are known around the British Isles, but at least two reasonably-sized populations are known from the south coast of Cornwall.

Threats

Both of the Cornish populations exist in areas which are relatively rich fishing grounds. Fishing, especially beam-trawling, poses a definite but unavoidable threat to this species.