Aphanus rolandri

Range & Status

This southern and coastal European bug has a strongly southern distribution in Britain.

Regional Distribution

Rediscovered in the West Pentire arable fields in 2003, and abundant there in 2004; also found along the coastal footpath at Pentireglaze Haven in 2006. Otherwise only known from old records.

Habitat & Ecology

The key features of its wide range of habitats are that they are sunny, sheltered and well-drained, and that they have a covering of dry leaf litter. Sites include weedy arable or derelict fields and beneath Gorse Ulex spp. scrub. It is believed to be primarily vegetarian. Adults overwinter in moss, leaf litter or deadwood.

Threats

The main threat is the intensification of agriculture, especially the widespread use of pesticides, as well as natural succession, leading to loss of sheltered open areas amongst scrub.

Conservation

Maintenance of early successional stages, e.g. periodic and rotational scrub clearance and also soil disturbance. More conservation projects designed to favour rare arable weed communities would be beneficial. Both modern sites are owned by The National Trust.